How to Draw a Ladybird Spider Using Color Pencils
Ladybird spiders are small black spiders with a vibrant red to deep orange color on its abdomen and four black dots at the center (dorsal view). Hence, the name 'ladybird spider'. It has white stripes on its limbs and few short white hairs, contrasting the general black body. A very good subject for drawing, especially if you like spiders.
- Establish the Position and shape of the spider.
Draw a semi-disk shaped oval for the abdomen, and an irregularly shaped oval for the upper body. In this angle (side of mid-aerial view), the side connecting to the abdomen should be flat, and the upper area should be protruding (the area of the head).
- Define the legs.
Establish the proportion of the legs properly. Define the outline dimensions of each leg according to their angles. Due to the spider's viewpoint, some portions of the limbs need to be foreshortened. The nearer legs are folded in a manner which their true lengths are not shown. The length and shape of the femur segments should be modified. The femur segment of the second leg is completely hidden, while the others only show a small portion of it since this segment is pointed forward towards the viewpoint.
- Place the details.
Once the shape of the spider is defined, draw the details of its body. The unique feature of the ladybird's spider is its four black spots on its abdomen; use reference lines to properly lay out the four black spots. Draw the bars of stripes on the limbs. There are four horizontal white stripes on each limb, it begins above the knees/patella, and three more on the way down. These stripes would help depict the mass and cylindrical shape of the legs.
- Convey the texture and shade of the limbs.
The legs are covered in fairly thick black fur, paling down as it reaches the tip/tarsus. The furs are sectioned between each stripe, as if the stripes are bandages around the furry coating.
Adjust the pressure on your line strokes depending on the section of the limb. Use dark and fairly thick lines on the inner areas and thin lines on the far edges of the leg segments near the base/body. Gradually adjust the pitch/darkness as you get to the tip.
The pedipalps and its thick chelicerae contain the same furry texture as the legs’ with the palps having two white stripes each.
- Shade the upper body of the spider.
The carapace is generally black, with few thick white short hairs contrasting its surface. Shade the entire area with thick line strokes while leaving subtle highlights.
- Start coloring the abdomen.
The fur of the abdomen is basically reddish-orange. To obtain this color value and texture, use three different colors that could effectively portray a darker tone of orange. Take note of the small portion of the upper body that also has this color value.
To effectively depict the texture, fill up the area with thin and short lines with multiple layers of different color. Use light brown, orange and red.
Use brown as a darker tone of the orange color. Make some few short lines with light hand strokes around the contour shape of the abdomen.
Fill up the area with orange short lines. Keep on following the contour shape of the surface and fill it with short lines having different thickness/thinness and line weight (pressure on hand strokes).
Make some few short lines for the darkest orange value using red color.
The red would also help depict the texture and the dimensions of the surface as it serves as a shade.
- Evenly smear the shade with a smudge stick (or with anything, you prefer).
The shade on the robust area should be a little lighter compared to the downward slope near the abdomen. You should also darken the farther areas of the carapace to depict its dimension values
retrieve some of the highlights using a pointed eraser. Add your final touches and you're done drawing a ladybird spider.
This is just one of the examples included in the book "Drawing Spiders Vol 2 - How to Draw Spiders for the Beginner"
Also check out Volume 1 here https://l2draw.com/products/drawing-spiders-volume-1-how-to-draw-spiders-for-the-beginner
These book are meant to guide absolute beginners for drawing. Steps are explained in a way that even those without any drawing experience could easily follow and learn. If you wish to see more, drawing tutorial books about various subjects are available in https://l2draw.com/collections/drawing-for-beginners